Can everyday Aussies raise their "debt ceiling"?

Can everyday Aussies raise their "debt ceiling"?

When the US government increased the nation’s debt ceiling last week to avert defaulting it was a timely reminder for personal borrowers around the world to consider their own finances. 

While we don’t have the spending levels to negotiate a $US2 trillion increase to our debt capacity – as the US government treasury exercised – Australians saddled with debt do have options when facing financial hardship.

Ask for help

Whether you are swamped with credit card debt or struggling to meet repayments on a car loan or personal loan, the first thing you should do is contact your provider and alert them to your situation.

Prioritise

The Australian government’s Money Smart website advises borrowers to prioritise secured debts such as your home and car loan over ongoing payments on unsecured debts like credit cards. But debtors should also consider how much interest they are paying on a loan or credit card when prioritising repayments.

Refinance

If you can’t meet repayments it can seem like a good idea to roll all of your loans into one, but consolidating debt is not always the best option. You’ll need to determine whether amalgamating debts will reduce interest and fees paid. Think about the loan term too; rolling a car loan into a mortgage may mean paying less interest, but over a longer period such as 20 years or more, by which time the car in question has been sold or retired.

Think ahead

Before jumping into debt, calculate how much you are comfortably able to afford in repayments, accounting for any interest rate rises. Even a small difference in interest rate can make a big difference to what you have to pay. The government’s Money Smart website has a free and easy-to-use budget planner that will help you to nut out your cash flow.

Weigh up your options

Finding the right financial products to suit your needs may be a seemingly overwhelming process given the volume of accounts and loans on the market. But that’s where a financial comparison site, such as RateCity, comes in to play. To find a low interest car loan for instance, all you need to do is select the amount you wish to borrow and the loan term before clicking the ‘find a loan’ button. Results are then instantly displayed on screen and ranked by advertised interest rate, application fee and monthly repayment.

Before taking on significant debt consult a financial planner, which may be able to offer a solution that will see you better off in the long term.

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Learn more about car loans

What is CTP insurance?

CTP insurance, also known as compulsory third-party insurance or a green slip, is compulsory if you want to register a vehicle in Australia. If you’re responsible for a car accident, your CTP insurance will be used to pay any compensation due to anyone who might be injured or killed. However, CTP insurance doesn’t cover you for vehicle damage or theft.

What is proof of income?

Before giving you a car loan, lenders will ask for proof of income – documentary evidence that you earn as much as you claim you earn. Lenders will typically want some combination of tax returns, pay slips and bank statements. The reason lenders want proof of income is because they want to be sure you have the means to repay the car loan.

How to find a great car loan

Historically, finding a great car loan would require excess research ranging from visiting an excess of websites or making phone calls, but technology has moved on. Using RateCity, Australia’s leading financial comparison service, you can check out great deals from a range of lenders on the one site.

To start, select the amount you want to borrow and the length of the loan, narrowing your search to show just fixed or variable interest rate results.

Once you’ve indicated your search criteria, you’ll see an immediate list of lenders, ranked by interest rate or application fees. You’ll also be able to view the monthly repayment amount for each result, helping you to know what you can afford.

Up to six products can be compared side-by-side, complete with more information about each car loan, giving you more information about your options.

When comparing your car loan options, it’s ideal to keep in mind some points find a great car loan for your needs. Consider the following:

  • Choosing a low interest car loan can reduce costs
  • Selecting an option with low fees and charges is ideal, because these can really add up
  • Be aware of penalties, such as early exit penalties if you pay off the loan sooner than expected
  • Consider the features that best suit your situation

There are many ways to ensure that you get a great car loan. Ultimately, you’ll end up with the best deal by doing your research and selecting the most suitable product for you.

What are loan repayments?

Loan repayments are the regular payments you make to pay off your car loan. Loan repayments generally occur on a monthly basis, although many lenders will also give you the option of making fortnightly or weekly loan repayments.

What is a loan term?

The loan term is the amount of time the lender gives you to repay the car loan. For example, if you take out a $20,000 car loan with a five-year loan term, you would be expected to pay off the entire $20,000 (plus interest) within five years.

What is a secured car loan?

A secured car loan is a loan that is connected to a form of security, or collateral. Generally, the security for a car loan is the car itself. If you fail to repay the loan, the lender might seize your car, sell it and then use the proceeds to recover their debt.

Where can I get a student car loan?

Student car loans are not a necessarily a product in and of themselves, but what you may be looking for is a guarantor car loan.

A guarantor car loan has a third-party act as a form of guarantee for your loan application, telling the bank or lender that if you default on your loan, someone will pay the loan repayments.

Going guarantor on a car loan is no new thing, and before internet-based credit scores, guarantor car loan applicants would apply for loans with a guarantor or property owner who could vouch for the person borrowing the loan.

To get a guarantor car loan, you’ll need someone willing to act as a guarantor for your car loan.

Can I get a discounted student car loan?

Being a student is tough enough, and while you might find the odd student discount on movies and technology, the same can’t be said about car loans, as you can’t really get a discounted student car loan.

Lenders make money on the interest and fees that they charge with loans, and the lowest interest and fees are given to the most reliable credit holders: people with excellent credit history.

As a student, you are unlikely to have enough on your credit report to warrant an excellent history. There are however, ways of getting a lower interest car loan if you can’t get an interest-free loan from the bank of mum and dad. One way of doing this may be through getting a guarantor car loan, which can get you a secured car loan by setting your parents up as guarantors.

What is a dealership?

A dealership is a car yard or a place where cars are sold.

What is dealer finance?

Dealer finance is a car loan organised through a car dealer – as opposed to car loans organised by a finance broker or directly by the lender.

What is salary packaging?

Salary packaging is an arrangement you can make with your employer that can allow you to buy a car from your pre-tax salary. The advantage of salary packaging is that it will redue your taxable income.

What is an establishment fee?

Some lenders will charge you an establishment fee, or one-off upfront fee, to cover the cost of setting up your car loan.

What is residual value?

The residual value of a car is how much it will be worth at the end of a lease period. Finance companies need to calculate a car’s residual value before they can know how much to charge during the lease period. For example, if a financier calculates that a $30,000 car will have a residual value of $16,000 at the end of a five-year lease, the financier will know that it must charge $14,000 to break even on the lease – and more to make a profit.

What is a commercial hire purchase?

A commercial hire purchase, or CHP, is an arrangement by which a finance company buys a car on your behalf. You get to borrow the car in return for making regular payments to the financier. Once the final payment is made, you take ownership of the car.