The world's most expensive real estate

The world's most expensive real estate

It’s been another gloomy year for the Australian property market, marked by falling house prices, fewer sales, mortgage interest rate hikes and real estate jobs heavily slashed. But when compared globally the local market is relatively strong, new research shows.

International house price index, the Global Property Guide, ranks Australia among the world’s top 20 richest real estate spots. Of almost 100 major cities worldwide Sydney now ranks 13th most expensive city to buy an apartment, at around $8838 per square metre, and up from 19th position in 2010.

There were few surprises at the top of the list, which was dominated by the world’s heavy weights including London, New York, Paris and Rome, ranging in price from $9810 (Rome) to $20,654 per square metre (London). But all paled in comparison to the global price pinnacle of $53,612 per square metre needed to secure a home among royalty in the glitzy Mediterranean city of Monte Carlo, Monaco.

At the other end of the price scale, property in the largest city in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, will set you back $700 per square metre, while Kenya’s capital Nairobi demands $900 per metre. Elsewhere, homebuyers could purchase a plot in the Egyptian capital for just over $1000 per metre, own a property on the Dalmatian Coast for less than $3000 per metre or pitch across the ditch in Auckland for around $4600 per metre, according to the Guide.

Adelaide, Brisbane, Canberra, Darwin, Melbourne, Perth and Tasmania failed to make the list.

Australian cities and statistics

Of the major Australian cities, RP Data shows Canberra had the highest median house price, at $488,000, as at January 2012. Canberra real estate was priced slightly ahead of Sydney at $485,000, followed by Melbourne ($462,500), Darwin and Perth ($450,000), Brisbane ($420,000), Adelaide ($370,000) and Hobart ($328,000). All major city house prices were weaker in 2011 than 2010, with the most significant price drop recorded in Brisbane at 6.8 percent.

Sydney was the only major Australian city to record house price increases in the December quarter, up 0.4 percent, with gains largely due to a spike in demand for houses as buyers rushed in to the market to cash in on the final weeks of stamp duty concessions.

However, the number of homes sold last year was weak, plunging 13 percent from 2010 numbers, which was the equivalent of just two-thirds the total volume of 2007 sales.

How to get a foot on the property ladder

If you’re in the market to buy property, your dream can be achievable with the right planning.

First, you’ll need to create a budget and set some realistic goals – buying in Monaco will be tough with a budget that’s more suited to Tanzania.

Second, do plenty of research into the real estate market – setting some criteria before inspection will help you to avoid being emotional in your purchase. For instance, look for property:

  • In or near a capital city
  • With good population growth
  • At or below the median price for the area
  • Which has had solid capital growth in the past but has potential for greater than average growth in the future
  • And can be improved with some renovation.

Finally, research should extend to home loan shopping too – compare home loans online for some of the best deals available on the market and don’t be afraid to negotiate if you have an existing lender.

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What is a low-deposit home loan?

A low-deposit home loan is a mortgage where you need to borrow more than 80 per cent of the purchase price – in other words, your deposit is less than 20 per cent of the purchase price.

For example, if you want to buy a $500,000 property, you’ll need a low-deposit home loan if your deposit is less than $100,000 and therefore you need to borrow more than $400,000.

As a general rule, you’ll need to pay LMI (lender’s mortgage insurance) if you take out a low-deposit home loan. You can use this LMI calculator to estimate your LMI payment.

What are the pros and cons of no-deposit home loans?

It’s no longer possible to get a no-deposit home loan in Australia. In some circumstances, you might be able to take out a mortgage with a 5 per cent deposit – but before you do so, it’s important to weigh up the pros and cons.

The big advantage of borrowing 95 per cent (also known as a 95 per cent home loan) is that you get to buy your property sooner. That may be particularly important if you plan to purchase in a rising market, where prices are increasing faster than you can accumulate savings.

But 95 per cent home loans also have disadvantages. First, the 95 per cent home loan market is relatively small, so you’ll have fewer options to choose from. Second, you’ll probably have to pay LMI (lender’s mortgage insurance). Third, you’ll probably be charged a higher interest rate. Fourth, the more you borrow, the more you’ll ultimately have to pay in interest. Fifth, if your property declines in value, your mortgage might end up being worth more than your home.

What is a line of credit?

A line of credit, also known as a home equity loan, is a type of mortgage that allows you to borrow money using the equity in your property.

Equity is the value of your property, less any outstanding debt against it. For example, if you have a $500,000 property and a $300,000 mortgage against the property, then you have $200,000 equity. This is the portion of the property that you actually own.

This type of loan is a flexible mortgage that allows you to draw on funds when you need them, similar to a credit card.

How can I get a home loan with no deposit?

Following the Global Financial Crisis, no-deposit loans, as they once used to be known, have largely been removed from the market. Now, if you wish to enter the market with no deposit, you will require a property of your own to secure a loan against or the assistance of a guarantor.

How will Real Time Ratings help me find a new home loan?

The home loan market is complex. With almost 4,000 different loans on offer, it’s becoming increasingly difficult to work out which loans work for you.

That’s where Real Time RatingsTM can help. Our system automatically filters out loans that don’t fit your requirements and ranks the remaining loans based on your individual loan requirements and preferences.

Best of all, the ratings are calculated in real time so you know you’re getting the most current information.

What is stamp duty?

Stamp duty is the tax that must be paid when purchasing a property in Australia.

It is calculated by the state government based on the selling price of the property. These charges may differ for first homebuyers. You can calculate the stamp duty for your property using our stamp duty calculator.

What is equity and home equity?

The percentage of a property effectively ‘owned’ by the borrower, equity is calculated by subtracting the amount currently owing on a mortgage from the property’s current value. As you pay back your mortgage’s principal, your home equity increases. Equity can be affected by changes in market value or improvements to your property.

What is a loan-to-value ratio (LVR)?

A loan-to-value ratio (otherwise known as a Loan to Valuation Ratio or LVR), is a calculation lenders make to work out the value of your loan versus the value of your property, expressed as a percentage.   Lenders use this calculation to help assess your suitability for a home loan, and whether you need to pay lender’s mortgage insurance (LMI). As a general rule, most banks will require you to pay LMI if your loan-to-value ratio is 80 per cent or more.   LVR is worked out by dividing the loan amount by the value of the property. If you are looking for a quick ball-park estimate of LVR, the size of your deposit is a good indicator as it is directly proportionate to your LVR. For instance, a loan with an LVR of 80 per cent requires a deposit of 20 per cent, while a 90 per cent LVR requires 10 per cent down payment. 

LOAN AMOUNT / PROPERTY VALUE = LVR%

While this all sounds simple enough, it is worth doing a more accurate calculation of LVR before you commit to buying a place as there are some traps to be aware of. Firstly, the ‘loan amount’ is the price you paid for the property plus additional costs such as stamp duty and legal fees, minus your deposit amount. Secondly, the ‘property value’ is determined by your lender’s valuation of the property, not the price you paid for it, and sometimes these can differ so where possible, try and get your bank to evaluate the property before you put in an offer.

What is Real Time Ratings?

Real Time RatingsTM ranks home loans according to cost and flexibility. This allows you to compare products using a simple score out of five.

Our world-first system analyses almost 4,000 mortgages based on your individual requirements. Best of all, the results are generated in real time, so if a lender has just hiked its interest rates or introduced extra fees, our system has factored this in.

How much deposit will I need to buy a house?

A deposit of 20 per cent or more is ideal as it’s typically the amount a lender sees as ‘safe’. Being a safe borrower is a good position to be in as you’ll have a range of lenders to pick from, with some likely to offer up a lower interest rate as a reward. Additionally, a deposit of over 20 per cent usually eliminates the need for lender’s mortgage insurance (LMI) which can add thousands to the cost of buying your home.

While you can get a loan with as little as 5 per cent deposit, it’s definitely not the most advisable way to enter the home loan market. Banks view people with low deposits as ‘high risk’ and often charge higher interest rates as a precaution. The smaller your deposit, the more you’ll also have to pay in LMI as it works on a sliding scale dependent on your deposit size.

What is bridging finance?

A loan of shorter duration taken to buy a new property before a borrower sells an existing property, usually taken to cover the financial gap that occurs while buying a new property without first selling an older one.

Usually, these loans have higher interest rates and a shorter repayment duration.

Does Australia have no-deposit home loans?

Australia no longer has no-deposit home loans – or 100 per cent home loans as they’re also known – because they’re regarded as too risky.

However, some lenders allow some borrowers to take out mortgages with a 5 per cent deposit.

Another option is to source a deposit from elsewhere – either by using a parental guarantee or by drawing out equity from another property.

What is a variable home loan?

A variable rate home loan is one where the interest rate can and will change over the course of your loan. The rate is determined by your lender, not the Reserve Bank of Australia, so while the cash rate might go down, your bank may decide not to follow suit, although they do broadly follow market conditions. One of the upsides of variable rates is that they are typically more flexible than their fixed rate counterparts which means that a lot of these products will let you make extra repayments and offer features such as offset accounts.

How can I negotiate a better home loan rate?

Negotiating with your bank can seem like a daunting task but if you have been a loyal customer with plenty of equity built up then you hold more power than you think. It’s highly likely your current lender won’t want to let your business go without a fight so if you do your research and find out what other banks are offering new customers you might be able to negotiate a reduction in interest rate, or a reduction in fees with your existing lender.